C(sp2)-H Borylation of Heterocycles by Well-Defined Bis(silylene)pyridine Cobalt(III) Precatalysts: Pincer Modification, C(sp2)-H Activation, and Catalytically Relevant Intermediates

Rebeca Arevalo, Tyler P. Pabst, Paul J. Chirik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Well-defined bis(silylene)pyridine cobalt(III) precatalysts for C(sp2)-H borylation have been synthesized and applied to the investigation of the mechanism of the catalytic borylation of furans and 2,6-lutidine. Specifically, [(ArSiNSi)CoH3]·NaHBEt3 {ArSiNSi = 2,6-[EtNSi(NtBu)2CAr]2C5H3N, where Ar = C6H5 (1-H3·NaHBEt3) or 4-MeC6H4 (2-H3·NaHBEt3)} and trans-[(ArSiNSi)Co(H)2BPin] {Ar = C6H5 [1-(H)2BPin] or 4-MeC6H4 [2-(H)2BPin], and Pin = pinacolato} were prepared and employed as single-component precatalysts for the C(sp2)-H borylation of 2-methylfuran, benzofuran, and 2,6-lutidine. The cobalt(III) precursors, 2-H3·NaHBEt3 and 2-(H)2BPin, also promoted C(sp2)-H activation of benzofuran, yielding [(ArSiNSi)CoH(Bf)2] {Ar = 4-MeC6H4 [2-H(Bf)2], and Bf = 2-benzofuranyl}. Monitoring the catalytic borylation of 2-methylfuran and 2,6-lutidine by 1H NMR spectroscopy established the trans-dihydride cobalt(III) boryl as the catalyst resting state at low substrate conversions. At higher conversions, two distinct pincer modification pathways were identified, depending on the substrate and the boron source.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2763-2773
Number of pages11
JournalOrganometallics
Volume39
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 27 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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