Crystal structure and elementary properties of Nax Co O2 (x=0.32, 0.51, 0.6, 0.75, and 0.92) in the three-layer NaCo O2 family

L. Viciu, J. W.G. Bos, H. W. Zandbergen, Q. Huang, M. L. Foo, S. Ishiwata, A. P. Ramirez, M. Lee, N. P. Ong, R. J. Cava

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Abstract

The crystal structures of Nax Co O2 phases based on three-layer NaCo O2, with x=0.32, 0.51, 0.60, 0.75, and 0.92, determined by powder neutron diffraction, are reported. The structures have triangular Co O2 layers interleaved by sodium ions, and evolve with variation in Na content in a more complex way than has been observed in the two-layer Nax Co O2 system. The phases with highest and lowest Na content studied (x=0.92 and 0.32) are trigonal, with three Co O2 layers per cell and octahedral Na ion coordination. The intermediate compositions have monoclinic structures. The x=0.75 compound has one Co O2 layer per cell, with Na in octahedral coordination and an incommensurate superlattice. The x=0.6 and 0.51 phases are also single layer, but the Na is found in trigonal prismatic coordination. The magnetic behavior of the phases is similar to that observed in the two-layer system. Both the susceptibility and the electronic contribution to the specific heat are largest for x=0.6.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number174104
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume73
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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