Cross-layer design of energy-constrained networks using cooperative MIMO techniques

Shuguang Cui, Andrea J. Goldsmith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


We consider networks where energy is a limited resource so that energy consumption must be minimized while satisfying given throughput requirements. For such networks, cross-layer design coupled with node cooperation can significantly reduce both energy consumption and delay. In this paper, we propose a cooperative multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) technique where multiple nodes within a cluster cooperate in signal transmission and/or reception. In our scheme, local information exchange within the cluster is not necessary if Alamouti codes are used with appropriate transmission scheduling. A cross-layer design framework is then applied that optimizes routing to minimize the energy consumption and delay. For the cooperative MIMO scheme, routing is optimized based on an equivalent single-input single-out (SISO) system, where each cooperating cluster is treated as a super node. We derive the best energy-delay tradeoff curve under this optimization model and show that the cooperative MIMO approach dramatically improves energy and delay performance, especially when link layer adaptation is used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1804-1814
Number of pages11
JournalSignal Processing
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Cooperative MIMO
  • Cross-layer
  • Energy efficiency
  • Joint routing and scheduling
  • Link adaptation


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