Cross-layer design for lifetime maximization in interference-limited wireless sensor networks

Ritesh Madan, Shuguang Cui, Sanjay Lall, Andrea Goldsmith

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

133 Scopus citations


We consider the joint optimal design of physical, medium access control (MAC), and routing layers to maximize the lifetime of energy-constrained wireless sensor networks. The problem of computing a lifetime-optimal routing flow, link schedule, and link transmission powers is formulated as a non-linear optimization problem. We first restrict the link schedules to the class of interference-free time division multiple access (TDMA) schedules. In this special case we formulate the optimization problem as a mixed integer-convex program, which can be solved using standard techniques. For general non-orthogonal link schedules, we propose an iterative algorithm that alternates between adaptive link scheduling and computation of optimal link rates and transmission powers for a fixed link schedule. The performance of this algorithm is compared to other design approaches for several network topologies. The results illustrate the advantages of load balancing, multihop routing, frequency reuse, and interference mitigation in increasing the lifetime of energy-constrained networks. We also describe a partially distributed algorithm to compute optimal rates and transmission powers for a given link schedule.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - IEEE INFOCOM 2005. The Conference on Computer Communications - 24th Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies
EditorsK. Makki, E. Knightly
Number of pages12
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE INFOCOM 2005 - Miami, FL, United States
Duration: Mar 13 2005Mar 17 2005

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE INFOCOM
ISSN (Print)0743-166X


Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityMiami, FL

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Computer Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Crosslayer design
  • Mathematical programming
  • Network lifetime
  • Optimization
  • Sensor networks


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