Crol contributes to PRE-mediated repression and Polycomb group proteins recruitment in Drosophila

Maksim Erokhin, J. Lesley Brown, Dmitry Lomaev, Nadezhda E. Vorobyeva, Liangliang Zhang, Lika V. Fab, Marina Yu Mazina, Ivan V. Kulakovskiy, Rustam H. Ziganshin, Paul Schedl, Pavel Georgiev, Ming An Sun, Judith A. Kassis, Darya Chetverina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Polycomb group (PcG) proteins are fundamental epigenetic regulators that control the repressive state of target genes in multicellular organisms. One of the open questions is defining the mechanisms of PcG recruitment to chromatin. In Drosophila, the crucial role in PcG recruitment is thought to belong to DNA-binding proteins associated with Polycomb response elements (PREs). However, current data suggests that not all PRE-binding factors have been identified. Here, we report the identification of the transcription factor Crooked legs (Crol) as a novel PcG recruiter. Crol is a C2H2-type Zinc Finger protein that directly binds to poly(G)-rich DNA sequences. Mutation of Crol binding sites as well as crol CRISPR/Cas9 knockout diminish the repressive activity of PREs in transgenes. Like other PRE-DNA binding proteins, Crol co-localizes with PcG proteins inside and outside of H3K27me3 domains. Crol knockout impairs the recruitment of the PRC1 subunit Polyhomeotic and the PRE-binding protein Combgap at a subset of sites. The decreased binding of PcG proteins is accompanied by dysregulated transcription of target genes. Overall, our study identified Crol as a new important player in PcG recruitment and epigenetic regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6087-6100
Number of pages14
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume51
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 7 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics

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