Critical exponents for long-range interactions

Michael Aizenman, Roberto Fernández

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Long-range components of the interaction in statistical mechanical systems may affect the critical behavior, raising the system's 'effective dimension'. Presented here are explicit implications to this effect of a collection of rigorous results on the critical exponents in ferromagnetic models with one-component Ising (and more genrally Griffiths=Simon class) spin variables. In particular, it is established that even in dimensions d<4 if a ferromagnetic Ising spin model has a reflection-positive pair interaction with a sufficiently slow decay, e.g. as Jx=1/|x|d+δ with 0<δ≤d/2, then the exponents {Mathematical expression}, δ, γ and Δ4 exist and take their mean-field values. This proves rigorously an early renormalization-group prediction of Fisher, Ma and Nickel. In the converse direction: when the decay is by a similar power law with δ>-2, then the long-range part of the interaction has no effect on the existent critical exponent bounds, which coincide then with those obtained for short-range models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-49
Number of pages11
JournalLetters in Mathematical Physics
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics

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