CR geometry in 3-D

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CR geometry studies the boundary of pseudo-convex manifolds. By concentrating on a choice of a contact form, the local geometry bears strong resemblence to conformal geometry. This paper deals with the role conformally invariant operators such as the Paneitz operator plays in the CR geometry in dimension three. While the sign of this operator is important in the embedding problem, the kernel of this operator is also closely connected with the stability of CR structures. The positivity of the CR-mass under the natural sign conditions of the Paneitz operator and the CR Yamabe operator is discussed. The CR positive mass theorem has a consequence for the existence of minimizer of the CR Yamabe problem. The pseudo-Einstein condition studied by Lee has a natural analogue in this dimension, and it is closely connected with the pluriharmonic functions. The author discusses the introduction of new conformally covariant operator P-prime and its associated Q-prime curvature and gives another natural way to find a canonical contact form among the class of pseudo-Einstein contact forms. Finally, an isoperimetric constant determined by the Q-prime curvature integral is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)695-710
Number of pages16
JournalChinese Annals of Mathematics. Series B
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


  • Embedding problem
  • Mass
  • P-prime
  • Paneitz operator
  • Q-prime curvature
  • Yamabe equation


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