This paper demonstrates a novel two-phase approach to the preliminary structural design of grid shell structures, with the objective of material minimization and improved structural performance. The two-phase approach consists of: (i) a form-finding technique that uses dynamic relaxation with kinetic damping to determine the global grid shell form, (ii) a genetic algorithm optimization procedure acting on the grid topology and nodal positions (together called the 'grid configuration' in this paper). The methodology is demonstrated on a case study minimizing the mass of three 24 × 24. m grid shells with different boundary conditions. Analysis of the three case studies clearly indicates the benefits of the coupled form-finding and grid configuration optimization approach: material mass reduction of up to 50% is achieved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Dynamic relaxation
- Genetic algorithms