Cosmological inference from an emulator based halo model. II. Joint analysis of galaxy-galaxy weak lensing and galaxy clustering from HSC-Y1 and SDSS

Hironao Miyatake, Sunao Sugiyama, Masahiro Takada, Takahiro Nishimichi, Masato Shirasaki, Yosuke Kobayashi, Rachel Mandelbaum, Surhud More, Masamune Oguri, Ken Osato, Youngsoo Park, Ryuichi Takahashi, Jean Coupon, Chiaki Hikage, Bau Ching Hsieh, Yutaka Komiyama, Alexie Leauthaud, Xiangchong Li, Wentao Luo, Robert H. LuptonSatoshi Miyazaki, Hitoshi Murayama, Atsushi J. Nishizawa, Paul A. Price, Melanie Simet, Joshua S. Speagle, Michael A. Strauss, Masayuki Tanaka, Naoki Yoshida

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Abstract

We present high-fidelity cosmology results from a blinded joint analysis of galaxy-galaxy weak lensing (Δς) and projected galaxy clustering (wp) measured from the Hyper Suprime-Cam Year-1 (HSC-Y1) data and spectroscopic Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) galaxy catalogs in the redshift range 0.15<z<0.7. We define luminosity-limited samples of SDSS galaxies to serve as the tracers of wp in three spectroscopic redshift bins, and as the lens samples for Δς. For the Δς measurements, we select a single sample of 4×106 source galaxies over 140 deg2 from HSC-Y1 with photometric redshifts (photo z) greater than 0.75, enabling a better handle of photo-z errors by comparing the Δς amplitudes for the three lens redshift bins. The deep, high-quality HSC-Y1 data enable significant detections of the Δς signals, with integrated signal-to-noise ratio S/N∼15 in the range 3≤R/[h-1 Mpc]≤30 for the three lens samples, despite the small area coverage. For cosmological parameter inference, we use an input galaxy-halo connection model built on the dark emulator package (which uses an ensemble set of high-resolution N-body simulations and enables fast, accurate computation of the clustering observables) with a halo occupation distribution that includes nuisance parameters to marginalize over modeling uncertainties. We model the Δς and wp measurements on scales from R≃3 and 2 h-1 Mpc, respectively, up to 30 h-1 Mpc (therefore excluding the baryon acoustic oscillations information) assuming a flat ΛCDM cosmology, marginalizing over about 20 nuisance parameters and demonstrating the robustness of our results to them. With various tests using mock catalogs described in Miyatake et al. [preceding paper, Phys. Rev. D 106, 083519 (2022)10.1103/PhysRevD.106.083519], we show that any bias in the clustering amplitude S8σ8(ωm/0.3)0.5 due to uncertainties in the galaxy-halo connection is less than ∼50% of the statistical uncertainty of S8, unless the assembly biaseffect is unexpectedly large. Our best-fit models have S8=0.795-0.042+0.049 (mode and 68% credible interval) for the flat ΛCDM model; we find tighter constraints on the quantity S8(α=0.17)σ8(ωm/0.3)0.17=0.745-0.031+0.039.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number083520
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume106
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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