## Abstract

We propose two numerical methods for the optimal control of McKean- Vlasov dynamics in finite time horizon. Both methods are based on the introduction of a suitable loss function defined over the parameters of a neural network. This allows the use of machine learning tools, and efficient implementations of stochastic gradient descent in order to perform the optimization. In the first method, the loss function stems directly from the optimal control problem. The second method tackles a generic forward-backward stochastic differential equation system (FBSDE) of McKean-Vlasov type, and relies on suitable reformulation as a mean field control problem. To provide a guarantee on how our numerical schemes approximate the solution of the original mean field control problem, we introduce a new optimization problem, directly amenable to numerical computation, and for which we rigorously provide an error rate. Several numerical examples are provided. Both methods can easily be applied to certain problems with common noise, which is not the case with the existing technology. Furthermore, although the first approach is designed for mean field control problems, the second is more general and can also be applied to the FBSDEs arising in the theory of mean field games.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 4065-4105 |

Number of pages | 41 |

Journal | Annals of Applied Probability |

Volume | 32 |

Issue number | 6 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Dec 2022 |

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty

## Keywords

- forward-backward SDE
- machine learning
- McKean-Vlasov
- mean field control
- Mean field games
- numerical approximation