Control of nitromethane photoionization efficiency with shaped femtosecond pulses

Jonathan Roslund, Ofer M. Shir, Arthur Dogariu, Richard Miles, Herschel Rabitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The applicability of adaptive femtosecond pulse shaping is studied for achieving selectivity in the photoionization of low-density polyatomic targets. In particular, optimal dynamic discrimination (ODD) techniques exploit intermediate molecular electronic resonances that allow a significant increase in the photoionization efficiency of nitromethane with shaped near-infrared femtosecond pulses. The intensity bias typical of high-photon number, nonresonant ionization is accounted for by reference to a strictly intensity-dependent process. Closed-loop adaptive learning is then able to discover a pulse form that increases the ionization efficiency of nitromethane by ∼150%. The optimally induced molecular dynamics result from entry into a region of parameter space inaccessible with intensity-only control. Finally, the discovered pulse shape is demonstrated to interact with the molecular system in a coherent fashion as assessed from the asymmetry between the response to the optimal field and its time-reversed counterpart.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number154301
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number15
StatePublished - Apr 21 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Control of nitromethane photoionization efficiency with shaped femtosecond pulses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this