Control landscapes for observable preparation with open quantum systems

Rebing Wu, Alexander Pechen, Herschel Rabitz, Michael Hsieh, Benjamin Tsou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


A quantum control landscape is defined as the observable as a function(al) of the system control variables. Such landscapes were introduced to provide a basis to understand the increasing number of successful experiments controlling quantum dynamics phenomena. This paper extends the concept to encompass the broader context of the environment having an influence. For the case that the open system dynamics are fully controllable, it is shown that the control landscape for open systems can be lifted to the analysis of an equivalent auxiliary landscape of a closed composite system that contains the environmental interactions. This inherent connection can be analyzed to provide relevant information about the topology of the original open system landscape. Application to the optimization of an observable expectation value reveals the same landscape simplicity observed in former studies on closed systems. In particular, no false suboptimal traps exist in the system control landscape when seeking to optimize an observable, even in the presence of complex environments. Moreover, a quantitative study of the control landscape of a system interacting with a thermal environment shows that the enhanced controllability attainable with open dynamics significantly broadens the range of the achievable observable values over the control landscape.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number022108
JournalJournal of Mathematical Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Control landscapes for observable preparation with open quantum systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this