Continuum of quantum fluctuations in a three-dimensional S = 1 Heisenberg magnet

K. W. Plumb, Hitesh J. Changlani, A. Scheie, Shu Zhang, J. W. Krizan, J. A. Rodriguez-Rivera, Yiming Qiu, B. Winn, R. J. Cava, C. L. Broholm

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16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Conventional crystalline magnets are characterized by symmetry breaking and normal modes of excitation called magnons, with quantized angular momentum ħ. Neutron scattering correspondingly features extra magnetic Bragg diffraction at low temperatures and dispersive inelastic scattering associated with single magnon creation and annihilation. Exceptions are anticipated in so-called quantum spin liquids, as exemplified by the one-dimensional spin-1/2 chain, which has no magnetic order and where magnons accordingly fractionalize into spinons with angular momentum ħ/2. This is spectacularly revealed by a continuum of inelastic neutron scattering associated with two-spinon processes. Here, we report evidence for these key features of a quantum spin liquid in the three-dimensional antiferromagnet NaCaNi 2 F 7 . We show that despite the complication of random Na 1+ –Ca 2+ charge disorder, NaCaNi 2 F 7 is an almost ideal realization of the spin-1 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on a pyrochlore lattice. Magnetic Bragg diffraction is absent and 90% of the neutron spectral weight forms a continuum of magnetic scattering with low-energy pinch points, indicating NaCaNi 2 F 7 is in a Coulomb-like phase. Our results demonstrate that disorder can act to freeze only the lowest-energy magnetic degrees of freedom; at higher energies, a magnetic excitation continuum characteristic of fractionalized excitations persists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-59
Number of pages6
JournalNature Physics
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Plumb, K. W., Changlani, H. J., Scheie, A., Zhang, S., Krizan, J. W., Rodriguez-Rivera, J. A., Qiu, Y., Winn, B., Cava, R. J., & Broholm, C. L. (2019). Continuum of quantum fluctuations in a three-dimensional S = 1 Heisenberg magnet. Nature Physics, 15(1), 54-59. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-018-0317-3