Viable variants of simian virus 40 (SV40) have been constructed which contain two functional origins of DNA replication (Or). The variants were made by introducing, at 0.175 on the SV40 map, a segment of DNA containing the viral Or. Two types of experiments demonstrate that the second Or is functional. First, the distribution of radioactivity in pulse-labeled SV40 (I) DNA is dramatically altered in the variants when compared with the parental virus. Second, electron microscopic examination of viral replicative intermediates indicates that while there is one initiation site for DNA synthesis in the parental genome, there are two sites in the variant. It was possible to introduce a deletion which inactivated the original Or at 0.67 map units in this variant. The resulting mutant could be propagated, and its DNA replication originated at the site of the newly inserted Or.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology