Constraining axion dark matter with Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

Kfir Blum, Raffaele Tito D'Agnolo, Mariangela Lisanti, Benjamin R. Safdi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


We show that Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) significantly constrains axion-like dark matter. The axion acts like an oscillating QCD θ angle that redshifts in the early Universe, increasing the neutron-proton mass difference at neutron freeze-out. An axion-like particle that couples too strongly to QCD results in the underproduction of He4 during BBN and is thus excluded. The BBN bound overlaps with much of the parameter space that would be covered by proposed searches for a time-varying neutron EDM. The QCD axion does not couple strongly enough to affect BBN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-33
Number of pages4
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
StatePublished - Oct 7 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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