Connection between the conductivity and bulk modulus of isotropic composite materials

L. V. Glbiansky, S. Torquato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


Rigorous cross-property bounds that connect the effective electrical conductivity af and the effective bulk modulus K* of any isotropic two-phase composite are derived when the volume fractions of the phases are either specified or unknown. These bounds enclose lens-shaped regions in the δ*-k* plane, portions of which are attainable by certain microgeometries and thus are optimal. Our cross-property bounds apply also to anisotropic composites with cubic symmetry. The bounds are applied to some general situations, as well as to specific microgeometries, including regular and random arrays of spheres and hierarchical geometries corresponding to effectivemedium theories. It is shown that knowledge of the effective conductivity can yield sharp estimates of the effective bulk modulus (and vice versa), even in cases where there is a wide disparity in the phase properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-283
Number of pages31
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Issue number1945
StatePublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Mathematics
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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