Conformational changes that coordinate the activity of BamA and BamD allowing β-barrel assembly

Anne L. McCabe, Dante Ricci, Modupe Adetunji, Thomas J. Silhavy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Most integral outer membrane proteins (OMPs) of Gram-negative bacteria, such as Escherichia coli, assume a β-barrel structure. The β-barrel assembly machine (Bam), a five-member complex composed of β-barrel OMP BamA and four associated lipoproteins, BamB, BamC, BamD, and BamE, folds and inserts OMPs into the outer membrane. The two essential proteins BamA and BamD interact to stabilize two subcomplexes, BamAB and BamCDE, and genetic and structural evidence suggests that interactions between BamA and BamD occur via an electrostatic interaction between a conserved aspartate residue in a periplasmic domain of BamA and a conserved arginine in BamD. In this work, we characterize charge-change mutations at these key BamA and BamD residues and nearby charged residues in BamA with respect to OMP assembly and Bam complex stability. We show that Bam complex stability does not correlate with function, that BamA and BamD must adopt at least two active conformational states during OMP assembly, and that these charged residues are not required for function. Rather, these charged residues are important for coordinating the activities of BamA and BamD to allow efficient OMP assembly. We present a model of OMP assembly wherein recognition and binding of unfolded OMP substrate by BamA and BamD induce a signaling interaction between the two proteins, causing conformational changes necessary for the assembly reaction to proceed. By analogy to signal sequence recognition by SecYEG, we believe these BamA-BamD interactions ensure that both substrate and complex are competent for OMP assembly before the assembly reaction commences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00373-17
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Issue number20
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Microbiology


  • Escherichia coli
  • Gram-negative bacteria
  • Membrane biogenesis
  • Outer membrane proteins
  • Protein-protein interactions


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