We analyze the general conditions on the equation of state w required for quantum fluctuations of a scalar field to produce a scale-invariant spectrum of density perturbations, including the possibility of models which (in the four dimensional effective description) bounce from a contracting to an expanding phase. We show that there are only two stable cases: [Formula Presented] and [Formula Presented] The first is utilized in inflationary models and the second in the ekpyrotic/cyclic scenario, assuming the perturbations propagate through the bounce. All other cases, including the [Formula Presented] case considered by some authors, require extreme fine-tuning of initial conditions and/or the effective potential. For the ekpyrotic/cyclic [Formula Presented] case, we also analyze the small deviations from scale invariance.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology|
|State||Published - 2004|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)