A strong pumping effect was observed with plasma operation on the toroidal graphite bumper limiter in TFTR. The pumping effect was induced by conditioning the limiter with a short series (10-20) of low density deuterium or helium initiated discharges. The decay constant for gas fuelled Ohmic discharges was reduced from before conditioning to a minimum of after conditioning, which corresponds to a reduction in the global recycling coefficient from about 100% to less than 50%. Coincident with the low recycling conditions, low current neutral beam fuelled discharges showed global energy confinement times which were enhanced by a factor of two over the values obtained with an unconditioned limiter. Two models are proposed for the observed pumping effects: (1) a depletion model, based on pumping of hydrogenic species in the near-surface region of the limiter after depletion of the normally saturated surface layer by (carbon and helium) ion induced desorption; and (2) a co-deposition model, based on adsorption of hydrogenic species in carbon films formed by material sputtered from the limiter during conditioning.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics