Equivalence (allowing for convex combinations) of microcanonical, canonical and grandcanonical ensembles for states of classical systems is established under very mild assumptions on the limiting state. We introduce the notion of conditional equilibrium (C.E.), a property of states of infinite systems which characterizes convex combinations of limits of microcanonical ensembles. It is shown that C.E. states are, under quite general conditions, mixtures of Gibbs states.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics