Concrete-ice abrasion mechanics

Stefan Jacobsen, George W. Scherer, Erland M. Schulson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mechanisms of abrasion of concrete by ice are investigated by review of lab and field studies, wear theory, fracture-, contact- and poromechanics. Experience indicates that ice abrasion does not require freeze/thaw cycles. Three distinct mechanisms may contribute to abrasion damage of concrete: (1) asperities of ice sliding on concrete can create tensile stresses sufficient to initiate cracks (with fatigue from repeated contacts playing an important role); (2) debris released from the surface of the concrete can act as sharp abrasive particles that enhance the damage as the ice drags them along the surface; and (3) water forced into surface defects can create pressure that propagates cracks. Topics for further research and recommendations for minimizing abrasion are suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-95
Number of pages17
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume73
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

Keywords

  • Concrete (E)
  • Degradation (C)
  • Durability (C)
  • Mechanical Properties (C)

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