Comparison of viral RNA sequences in adenovirus 2-transformed and lytically infected cells

Jane Flint, P. H. Gallimore, Phillip A. Sharp

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85 Scopus citations

Abstract

The complementary strands of fragments of 32P-labelled adenovirus 2 DNA generated by cleavage with restriction endonucleases EcoRI or Hpa1 were separated by electrophoresis. Saturation hybridization reactions were performed between these fragment strands and unlabelled RNA extracted from the cytoplasm of adenovirus 2-transformed rat embryo cells or from human cells early after adenovirus 2 infection. The fraction of each fragment strand complementary to RNA from these sources was measured by chromatography on hydroxylapatite. Maps of the viral DNA sequences complementary to messenger RNA in different lines of transformed cells and early during lytic infection of human cells were constructed. Five lines of adenovirus 2-transformed cells were examined. All contained the same RNA sequences, complementary to about 10% of the light strand of EcoRI fragment A. DNA sequences coding for this RNA were more precisely located using Hpa1 fragments E and C and mapped at the left-hand end of the genome. Thus any viral function expressed in all adenovirus 2-transformed cells, tumour antigen, for example, must be coded by this region of the viral genome. Two lines, F17 and F18, express only these sequences; two others, 8617 and REM, also contain mRNA complementary to about 7% of the heavy strand of the right-hand end of adenovirus 2 DNA; a fifth line, T2C4, contains these and many additional viral RNA sequences in its cytoplasm. The viral RNA sequences found in all lines of transformed cells are also present in the cytoplasm of human cells during the early phase of a lytic adenovirus infection. The additional cytoplasmic sequences in the 8617 and REM cell lines also correspond to "early" RNA sequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Volume96
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 25 1975

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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