Comparison of Tetrachloromethane Sorption to an Alkylammonium–Clay and an Alkyldiammonium–Clay

James A. Smith, Peter R. Jaffe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations

Abstract

The interlamellar space of Wyoming bentonite (clay) was modified by exchanging either decyltrimethylammonium (DTMA) or decyltrimethyldiammonium (DTMDA) cations for inorganic ions, and tetrachloromethane sorption to the resulting two organoclays from water was studied at 10, 20, and 35 °C. Only one end of the 10-carbon alkyl chain of the DTMA cation is attached to the silica surface of the clay mineral, and tetrachloromethane sorption of DTMA–clay is characterized by isotherm linearity, noncompetitive sorption, weak solute uptake, and a relatively low heat of sorption. Both ends of the 10-carbon chain of the DTMDA cation are attached to the silica surface of the clay mineral, and tetrachloromethane sorption to DTMDA-clay is characterized by nonlinear isotherms, competitive sorption, strong solute uptake, and a relatively high, exothermic heat of sorption that varies as a function of the mass of tetrachloromethane sorbed. Therefore, the attachment of both ends of the alkyl chain to the interlamellar mineral surface appears to change the sorption mechanism from a partition-dominated process to an adsorption-dominated process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2054-2058
Number of pages5
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume25
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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