Comparison of an alternative land surface parameterization with the GFDL high resolution climate model

Eric F. Wood, Dennis P. Lettenmaier, James R. Wallis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The hydrologic performance of a five-year GFDL R30 simulation is evaluated using observed temperature, precipitation, and runoff for the continental U.S. While the model reproduces the major east-west structure of seasonal variations in temperature and precipitation, it is too cold and wet in the winter, and warm and dry in the summer, and has too little runoff, for much of the continental U.S. As an alternative to the bucket hydrology used in the GFDL (and most other) GCM's, the performance of a model that represents variations in infiltration capacity within a GCM grid, as well as baseflow, was evaluated. Comparisons were made with GFDL and GISS bucket hydrology using five years of daily GFDL R30-simulated precipitation and temperature for a southeastern U.S. grid cell. More dynamic and apparently realistic short-term variations in soil moisture were achieved for the alternative hydrologic model, but the most significant differences in the hydrologic dynamics were attributable to the inclusion of baseflow to simulate between-storm runoff.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHydrological Interactions Between Atmosphere, Soil and Vegetation
PublisherPubl by IAHS
Pages53-64
Number of pages12
Edition204
ISBN (Print)0947571132
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991
Event20th General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics - Vienna, Austria
Duration: Aug 11 1991Aug 24 1991

Other

Other20th General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
CityVienna, Austria
Period8/11/918/24/91

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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