Comparison of an alternative land surface parameterization with the GFDL high resolution climate model

Eric F. Wood, D. P. Lettenmaier, J. R. Wallis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The hydrologic performance of a five-year GFDL R30 simulation is evaluated using observed temperature, precipitation, and runoff for the continental US. While the model reproduces the major east-west structure of seasonal variations in temperature and precipitation, it is too cold and wet in the winter, and warm and dry in the summer, and has too little runoff, for much of the continental US. As an alternative to the bucket hydrology used in the GFDL, the performance of a model that represents variations in infiltration capacity within a GCM grid, as well as baseflow, was evaluated. Comparisons were made with GFDL and GISS bucket hydrology using five years of daily GFDL R30-simulated precipitation and temperature for a southeastern US grid cell. More dynamic and apparently realistic short-term variations in soil moisture were achieved for the alternative hydrologic model, but the most significant differences in the hydrologic dynamics were attributable to the inclusion of baseflow to simulate between-storm runoff. -Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-64
Number of pages12
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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