Aerobic ammonia oxidation is the process that converts ammonium to nitrate and thus links the regeneration of organic nitrogen to fixed nitrogen loss by denitrification. It is performed by a phylogenetically restricted group of Proteobacteria (ammonia-oxidizing bacteria, AOB) that are autotrophic and obligately aerobic. This chapter describes methods for the measurement of ammonia oxidation in the environment, with a focus on seawater systems and stable isotopic tracer methods. It also summarizes the current state of molecular ecological approaches for detection of AOB in the environment and characterization of the composition of AOB assemblages.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology