Communist socialization and post-communist economic and political attitudes

Grigore Pop-Eleches, Joshua A. Tucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations


We investigate the effect of individual exposure to communism on support for democracy and capitalism. We examine whether this effect varies across different types of communism, at different periods of people's lives, in different countries, and across different types of individuals. To do so, we propose a modified approach to solving the APC problem that relies on (a) survey data from multiple countries (b) historically defined cohorts and (c) variation in the time-periods related to these cohorts across countries. We provide a series of robustness tests for the method, and show that results are not very sensitive to panel structure. We conclude that generally communism had an indoctrinating effect, with more exposure to communism resulting in more opposition to democracy and capitalism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-89
Number of pages13
JournalElectoral Studies
StatePublished - Mar 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Political Science and International Relations


  • Age-Period-Cohort (APC) effects
  • Democracy
  • Legacies
  • Markets
  • Political behaviour
  • Post-communist


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