Individually addressed Er3+ ions in solid-state hosts are promising resources for quantum repeaters, because of their direct emission in the telecom band and their compatibility with silicon photonic devices. While the Er3+ electron spin provides a spin-photon interface, ancilla nuclear spins could enable multiqubit registers with longer storage times. In this work, we demonstrate coherent coupling between the electron spin of a single Er3+ ion and a single I=1/2 nuclear spin in the solid-state host crystal, which is a fortuitously located proton (1H). We control the nuclear spin using dynamical-decoupling sequences applied to the electron spin, implementing one- and two-qubit gate operations. Crucially, the nuclear spin coherence time exceeds the electron coherence time by several orders of magnitude, because of its smaller magnetic moment. These results provide a path toward combining long-lived nuclear spin quantum registers with telecom-wavelength emitters for long-distance quantum repeaters.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Computer Science(all)
- Mathematical Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Applied Mathematics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering