Code-aided interference suppression for DS/CDMA overlay systems

Stefano Buzzi, Marco Lops, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


The push toward more efficient and flexible use of the radio spectrum has led to the consideration of the overlay of spread-spectrum (SS) communication networks on preexisting narrow-band networks. Such systems are already in widespread and rapidly expanding use in the lightly regulated spectrum where personal networking is largely centered and they are of increasing interest in the more tightly regulated spectrum due to a dearth of spectrum for new services, the desire to incorporate multi-rate (e.g., multimedia) traffic in the same network and the survival of legacy systems. Even though SS signals are inherently robust to the effects of narrower bandwidth co-channel signals, it has been shown that the use of additional processing aimed at interference suppression can result in substantial performance improvement. Motivated by this consideration, the past quarter century has seen the development of a very large body of techniques for improving the performance of SS communication systems in the presence of narrow-band interference (NBI). Early techniques (up to late 1980s) have been reviewed in the survey by Milstein (1988). Since that time, more sophisticated strategies have been developed, making use of advances from the fields of beamforming, multiuser detection (MUD), and adaptive filtering. Also, the focus of interest has shifted from techniques aimed primarily at the suppression of NBI from single-user SS systems to systems in which the SS signaling is being used to implement a code-division multiple-access (CDMA) protocol. This paper provides a tutorial overview of the progress made in this area over the past 15 years. The focus of the paper is on direct-sequence CDMA (DS/CDMA) systems and on the so-called "code- aided" techniques for NBI suppression, a term recently coined to indicate those strategies in which knowledge of the spreading code of a SS signal of interest is explicitly exploited in suppressing NBI. Particular attention is devoted to the case in which the CDMA signals are subject to frequency-selective fading and to the issue of blind adaptive MUD in the presence of external NBI. In particular, with regard to the former issue, the effects and implications of channel-state information on system design and performance are discussed. With regard to the latter issue, it is observed that the external NBI may introduce the need for a periodically time-varying detection rule, which has significant implications in the design of blind adaptive MUD algorithms for overlaid DS/CDMA systems. The performance of the techniques discussed is compared through analysis and simulation, as well as through considerations of their relative computational complexity and required prior information. Finally, the paper is concluded by a discussion of several challenging open problems in this area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)394-434
Number of pages41
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Computer Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Blind adaptive algorithms
  • CDMA
  • Code-aided techniques
  • Multiuser detection
  • Narrow-band interference
  • Overlay applications
  • Spread spectrum communications


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