High-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS), temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) have been combined to study the effect of preadsorbed potassium on the adsorption of ethylene on the platinum(111) single-crystal surface. Addition of potassium increases the relative amount of reversible ethylene adsorption at 100 K. Upon coadsorption with potassium, we also observe a new low-temperature ethylene desorption state at 150 K with Ed = 5-9 kcal mol-1, which is about one-half the binding energy of ethylene adsorbed on clean Pt(111). The origin of this new desorption state is the formation of a weakly interacting ethylene species, which is only slightly distorted from the gas-phase hybridization, as determined primarily by vibrational spectroscopy. An explanation is given for these effects in which the increased charge density at the platinum surface due to coadsorbed potassium inhibits the strong σ-donation of adsorbed ethylene to platinum and greatly reduces the chemisorption bond strength.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry