Climate change: New dimensions in disaster risk, exposure, vulnerability, and resilience

Allan Lavell, Michael Oppenheimer, Cherif Diop, Jeremy Hess, Robert Lempert, Jianping Li, Robert Muir-Wood, Soojeong Myeong, Susanne Moser, Kuniyoshi Takeuchi, Omar Dario Cardona, Stephane Hallegatte, Maria Lemos, Christopher Little, Alexander Lotsch, Elke Weber

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

128 Scopus citations

Abstract

Disaster signifies extreme impacts suffered when hazardous physical events interact with vulnerable social conditions to severely alter the normal functioning of a community or a society (high confidence). Social vulnerability and exposure are key determinants of disaster risk and help explain why non-extreme physical events and chronic hazards can also lead to extreme impacts and disasters, while some extreme events do not. Extreme impacts on human, ecological, or physical systems derive from individual extreme or non-extreme events, or a compounding of events or their impacts (for example, drought creating the conditions for wildfire, followed by heavy rain leading to landslides and soil erosion). [1.1.2.1, 1.1.2.3, 1.2.3.1, 1.3] Management strategies based on the reduction of everyday or chronic risk factors and on the reduction of risk associated with non-extreme events, as opposed to strategies based solely on the exceptional or extreme, provide a mechanism that facilitates the reduction of disaster risk and the preparation for and response to extremes and disasters (high confidence). Effective adaptation to climate change requires an understanding of the diverse ways in which social processes and development pathways shape disaster risk. Disaster risk is often causally related to ongoing, chronic, or persistent environmental, economic, or social risk factors. [1.1.2.2, 1.1.3, 1.1.4.1, 1.3.2] Development practice, policy, and outcomes are critical to shaping disaster risk (high confidence). Disaster risk may be increased by shortcomings in development. Reductions in the rate of depletion of ecosystem services, improvements in urban land use and territorial organization processes, the strengthening of rural livelihoods, and general and specific advances in urban and rural governance advance the composite agenda of poverty reduction, disaster risk reduction, and adaptation to climate change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationManaging the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation
Subtitle of host publicationSpecial Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages25-64
Number of pages40
Volume9781107025066
ISBN (Electronic)9781139177245
ISBN (Print)9781107025066
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Climate change: New dimensions in disaster risk, exposure, vulnerability, and resilience'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Lavell, A., Oppenheimer, M., Diop, C., Hess, J., Lempert, R., Li, J., Muir-Wood, R., Myeong, S., Moser, S., Takeuchi, K., Cardona, O. D., Hallegatte, S., Lemos, M., Little, C., Lotsch, A., & Weber, E. (2012). Climate change: New dimensions in disaster risk, exposure, vulnerability, and resilience. In Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation: Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Vol. 9781107025066, pp. 25-64). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139177245.004