Climate change and water resources in Lebanon and the Middle East

Elie R. Bou-Zeid, M. El-Fadel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


While the extent of human-induced global warming is inconclusive, the vulnerability of natural systems to rapid changes in climate patterns is regarded as one of the most challenging issues in recent years. Water resources are a main component of natural systems that might be affected by climate change. This paper characterizes water resources in several Middle Eastern countries and evaluates regional climate predictions for various scenarios using general circulation models. The country of Lebanon is selected as a case study for an in-depth investigation with potential impacts on the water budget and soil moisture as indicators. Adaptation measures are assessed, with a focus on no-regret actions in the context of local socioeconomic and environmental frameworks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-355
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Water Resources Planning and Management
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Civil and Structural Engineering


  • Climate changes
  • Lebanon
  • Middle east
  • Water balance
  • Water circulation
  • Water resources


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