Cleaning graphene: A first quantum/classical molecular dynamics approach

L. Delfour, A. Davydova, E. Despiau-Pujo, G. Cunge, D. B. Graves, L. Magaud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Graphene outstanding properties created a huge interest in the condensed matter community and unprecedented fundings at the international scale in the hope of application developments. Recently, there have been several reports of incomplete removal of the polymer resists used to transfer as-grown graphene from one substrate to another, resulting in altered graphene transport properties. Finding a large-scale solution to clean graphene from adsorbed residues is highly desirable and one promising possibility would be to use hydrogen plasmas. In this spirit, we couple here quantum and classical molecular dynamics simulations to explore the kinetic energy ranges required by atomic hydrogen to selectively etch a simple residue - a CH3 group - without irreversibly damaging the graphene. For incident energies in the 2-15 eV range, the CH3 radical can be etched by forming a volatile CH4 compound which leaves the surface, either in the CH4 form or breaking into CH3 + H fragments, without further defect formation. At this energy, adsorption of H atoms on graphene is possible and further annealing will be required to recover pristine graphene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number125309
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume119
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 28 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy

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