A statistical correlation function of basic importance in the study of two-phase random media (such as suspensions, porous media, and composites) is the chord-length distribution function p(z). We show that p(z) is related to another fundamentally important morphological descriptor studied by us previously, namely, the lineal-path function L(z), which gives the probability of finding a line segment of length z wholly in one of the phases when randomly thrown into the sample. We derive exact series representations of the chord-length distribution function for media comprised of spheres with a polydispersivity in size for arbitrary space dimension D. For the special case of spatially uncorrelated spheres (i.e., fully penetrable spheres), we determine exactly p(z) and the mean chord length lC, the first moment of p(z). We also obtain corresponding formulas for the case of impenetrable (i.e., spatially correlated) polydispersed spheres.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics