Chemiluminescent OH* and CH* flame structure and aerodynamic scaling of weakly buoyant, nearly spherical diffusion flames

S. W. Yoo, Chung King Law, S. D. Tse

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Normal-gravity experiments were conducted with "inverse" diffusion flames of small density difference with their surrounding ambient to study low Grashof number (Gr) flames that were several centimeters in diameter. The intensity of buoyancy was minimized by ejecting diluted air from a porous, spherical burner into a lower-density fuel atmosphere of hydrogen and methane at reduced pressures (< 0.25 atm). For the hydrogen flames, the comparison was very satisfactory, hence substantiating the adequacy of the chemistry and the experimental approach. For hydrogen/methane flames, OH* chemiluminescence exhibited two peaks, demonstrating the importance of the H + O + M ⇌ OH* + M reaction in addition to the CH + O2 ⇌ OH* + CO reaction. The hydrogen/methane flames also experienced a mild degree of buoyancy, which shifted the peak OH* and CH* locations from the calculated values. Through a separate experimental investigation, the effects of weak buoyancy, based on the flame dimension, scale with Gr1/2 were determined, and was in accord with the low Gr scaling for heat transfer phenomena. The associated correction explained the shifts in the locations of the experimental OH* and CH* peaks. Original is an abstract.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
StatePublished - 2002
Event29th International Symposium on Combustion - Sapporo, Japan
Duration: Jul 21 2002Jul 26 2002


Other29th International Symposium on Combustion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


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