Chemical Exfoliation toward Magnetic 2D VOCl Monolayers

Graciela Villalpando, Austin M. Ferrenti, Ratnadwip Singha, Xiaoyu Song, Guangming Cheng, Nan Yao, Leslie M. Schoop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The diversification of magnetic two-dimensional (2D) materials holds the key to the further development of advanced technologies, such as spintronic devices and efficient data storage. However, the search for intrinsic magnetism down to the 2D limit is severely limited by the ability to reliably exfoliate large, air-stable nanosheets. Chemical exfoliation, a relatively underutilized method for delamination, offers many advantages, including a high degree of adaptability and higher yields of uniformly exfoliated materials. van der Waals (vdW) materials, in particular the family of transition-metal oxyhalides, are ideal candidates for chemical exfoliation due to their large interlayer spacing and the wide variety of interesting magnetic properties they exhibit. In this study, we employ a chemical exfoliation method to delaminate the layered antiferromagnet vanadium oxychloride (VOCl) down to the monolayer limit. The resulting nansoheets have lateral sizes of up to 20 μm, are air-stable, and can be easily isolated. Magnetic characterization was performed throughout the exfoliation process, tracking the changes in magnetic behavior among bulk VOCl, its lithiated intercalate, and the restacked nanosheet pellet. The results from this work demonstrate the potential of chemical exfoliation, along with illustrating the effects of low dimensionality on magnetic properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalACS Nano
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


  • antiferromagnetism
  • chemical exfoliation
  • lithium intercalation
  • monolayer vanadium oxychloride
  • two-dimensional materials


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