Charge density wave-templated spin cycloid in topological semimetal NdSbxTe2-x-δ

Tyger H. Salters, Fabio Orlandi, Tanya Berry, Jason F. Khoury, Ethan Whittaker, Pascal Manuel, Leslie M. Schoop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Magnetic topological semimetals present open questions regarding the interplay of crystal symmetry, magnetism, band topology, and electron correlations. LnSbxTe2-x-δ (Ln denotes Lanthanide) is a family of square-net-derived topological semimetals that allows compositional control of band filling, and access to different topological states via an evolving charge density wave (CDW) distortion. Previously studied Gd and Ce members containing a CDW have shown complex magnetic phase diagrams, which implied that spins localized on Ln interact with the CDW, but to this date no magnetic structures have been solved within the CDW regime of this family of compounds. Here, we report on the interplay of the CDW with magnetism in NdSbxTe2-x-δ by comparing the undistorted square net member NdSb0.94Te0.92 with the CDW-distorted phase NdSb0.48Te1.37, via single-crystal x-ray diffraction, magnetometry, heat capacity, and neutron powder diffraction. NdSb0.94Te0.92 is a collinear antiferromagnet with TN∼2.7K, where spins align antiparallel to each other, but parallel to the square net of the nuclear structure. NdSb0.48Te1.37 exhibits a nearly fivefold-modulated CDW (qCDW=0.18), isostructural to other LnSbxTe2-x-δ at similar x. NdSb0.48Te1.37 displays more complex magnetism with TN=2.3K, additional metamagnetic transitions, and an elliptical cycloid magnetic structure with qmag=-0.41b∗. The magnitudes of qCDW and qmag exhibit an integer relationship, 1+2qmag=qCDW, implying a coupling between the CDW and magnetic structure. Given that the CDW is localized within the nonmagnetic distorted square net, we propose that conduction electrons "template"the spin modulation via the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number044203
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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