Characterizing and correcting for the effect of sensor noise in the dynamic mode decomposition

Scott T.M. Dawson, Maziar S. Hemati, Matthew O. Williams, Clarence Worth Rowley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

200 Scopus citations


Dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) provides a practical means of extracting insightful dynamical information from fluids datasets. Like any data processing technique, DMD’s usefulness is limited by its ability to extract real and accurate dynamical features from noise-corrupted data. Here, we show analytically that DMD is biased to sensor noise, and quantify how this bias depends on the size and noise level of the data. We present three modifications to DMD that can be used to remove this bias: (1) a direct correction of the identified bias using known noise properties, (2) combining the results of performing DMD forwards and backwards in time, and (3) a total least-squares-inspired algorithm. We discuss the relative merits of each algorithm and demonstrate the performance of these modifications on a range of synthetic, numerical, and experimental datasets. We further compare our modified DMD algorithms with other variants proposed in the recent literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number42
JournalExperiments in Fluids
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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