CHARACTERIZATION of the K2-19 MULTIPLE-TRANSITING PLANETARY SYSTEM VIA HIGH-DISPERSION SPECTROSCOPY, AO IMAGING, and TRANSIT TIMING VARIATIONS

Norio Narita, Teruyuki Hirano, Akihiko Fukui, Yasunori Hori, Roberto Sanchis-Ojeda, Joshua N. Winn, Tsuguru Ryu, Nobuhiko Kusakabe, Tomoyuki Kudo, Masahiro Onitsuka, Laetitia Delrez, Michael Gillon, Emmanuel Jehin, James McCormac, Matthew Holman, Hideyuki Izumiura, Yoichi Takeda, Motohide Tamura, Kenshi Yanagisawa

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Abstract

K2-19 (EPIC201505350) is an interesting planetary system in which two transiting planets with radii ∼7 R (inner planet b) and ∼4 R (outer planet c) have orbits that are nearly in a 3:2 mean-motion resonance. Here, we present results of ground-based follow-up observations for the K2-19 planetary system. We have performed high-dispersion spectroscopy and high-contrast adaptive-optics imaging of the host star with the HDS and HiCIAO on the Subaru 8.2 m telescope. We find that the host star is a relatively old (≥8 Gyr) late G-type star (Teff ∼ 5350 K, Ms ∼ 0.9 Mo, and Rs ∼ 0.9 Ro). We do not find any contaminating faint objects near the host star that could be responsible for (or dilute) the transit signals. We have also conducted transit follow-up photometry for the inner planet with KeplerCam on the FLWO 1.2 m telescope, TRAPPISTCAM on the TRAPPIST 0.6 m telescope, and Muscat on the OAO 1.88 m telescope. We confirm the presence of transit timing variations (TTVs), as previously reported by Armstrong and coworkers. We model the observed TTVs of the inner planet using the synodic chopping formulae given by Deck & Agol. We find two statistically indistinguishable solutions for which the period ratios (Pc/Pb) are located slightly above and below the exact 3:2 commensurability. Despite the degeneracy, we derive the orbital period of the inner planet Pb ∼ 7.921 days and the mass of the outer planet Mc ∼ 20 M. Additional transit photometry (especially for the outer planet) as well as precise radial-velocity measurements would be helpful to break the degeneracy and to determine the mass of the inner planet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number47
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume815
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • planets and satellites: individual (K2-19b, K2-19c)
  • stars: individual (K2-19)
  • techniques: high angular resolution
  • techniques: photometric
  • techniques: spectroscopic

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    Narita, N., Hirano, T., Fukui, A., Hori, Y., Sanchis-Ojeda, R., Winn, J. N., Ryu, T., Kusakabe, N., Kudo, T., Onitsuka, M., Delrez, L., Gillon, M., Jehin, E., McCormac, J., Holman, M., Izumiura, H., Takeda, Y., Tamura, M., & Yanagisawa, K. (2015). CHARACTERIZATION of the K2-19 MULTIPLE-TRANSITING PLANETARY SYSTEM VIA HIGH-DISPERSION SPECTROSCOPY, AO IMAGING, and TRANSIT TIMING VARIATIONS. Astrophysical Journal, 815(1), [47]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/815/1/47