Chaperoning SNARE assembly and disassembly

Richard W. Baker, Frederick M. Hughson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intracellular membrane fusion is mediated in most cases by membrane-bridging complexes of soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs). However, the assembly of such complexes in vitro is inefficient, and their uncatalysed disassembly is undetectably slow. Here, we focus on the cellular machinery that orchestrates assembly and disassembly of SNARE complexes, thereby regulating processes ranging from vesicle trafficking to organelle fusion to neurotransmitter release. Rapid progress is being made on many fronts, including the development of more realistic cell-free reconstitutions, the application of single-molecule biophysics, and the elucidation of X-ray and high-resolution electron microscopy structures of the SNARE assembly and disassembly machineries 'in action'.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-479
Number of pages15
JournalNature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology
Volume17
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 21 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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