Changing the Culture of Peer Review for a More Inclusive and Equitable Psychological Science

Mariam Aly, Eliana Colunga, M. J. Crockett, Matthew Goldrick, Pablo Gomez, Franki Y.H. Kung, Paul C. McKee, Miriam Pérez, Sarah M. Stilwell, Amanda B. Diekman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peer review is a core component of scientific practice. Although peer review ideally improves research and promotes rigor, it also has consequences for what types of research are published and cited and whowants to (and is able to) advance in research-focused careers. Despite these consequences, few reviewers or editors receive training or oversight to ensure their feedback is helpful, professional, and culturally sensitive. Here, we critically examine the peer-review system in psychology and neuroscience at multiple levels, from ideas to institutions, interactions, and individuals. We highlight initiatives that aim to change the normative negativity of peer review and provide authors with constructive, actionable feedback that is sensitive to diverse identities, methods, topics, and environments.We conclude with a call to action for how individuals, groups, and organizations can improve the culture of peer review.We provide examples of how changes in the peerreview system can be made with an eye to diversity (increasing the range of identities and experiences constituting the field), equity (fair processes and outcomes across groups), and inclusion (experiences that promote belonging across groups). These changes can improve scientists’ experience of peer review, promote diverse perspectives and identities, and enhance the quality and impact of science.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3546-3565
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: General
Volume152
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • General Psychology

Keywords

  • culture cycle
  • gender disparities
  • peer review
  • racial disparities
  • systemic bias

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