Changes in family investment in children’s out-of-school education in China, 2010–2018

Airan Liu, Wangyang Li, Yu Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite the growing perception of and concern about the rising cost burden of out-of-school education on families in China, few studies to date have comprehensively examined how family investment in out-of-school education has changed over time. Capitalizing on longitudinal data from the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) for 2010–2018, this study analyzes the trend in family investment in children’s out-of-school education (measured by children’s rates of participation and families’ absolute and relative monetary expenditure) during that period. We also examine how this trend differs by family socioeconomic status (SES) and by children’s level of schooling (preschool, primary school, junior high school). Our results show a large and growing number of families invest in out-of-school education in their children’s preschool years, with a significant SES gradient. Furthermore, family investment in out-of-school education has increased significantly between 2010 and 2018, with SES disparities in investment persisting and even widening during the same period. These findings carry important implications for understanding educational inequality in contemporary China as well as for policy making to promote educational equality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalChinese Sociological Review
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gender Studies
  • Demography
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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