The development of novel, intrinsic two-dimensional (2D) antiferromagnets presents the opportunity to vastly improve the efficiency of spintronic devices and sensors. The strong intrinsic antiferromagnetism and van der Waals layered structure exhibited by the bulk transition-metal oxychlorides provide a convenient system for the synthesis of such materials. In this work, we report the exfoliation of bulk FeOCl into and subsequent characterization of intrinsically antiferromagnetic thin-layer FeOCl nanosheets. The magnetic properties of bulk FeOCl, its lithium intercalate, and its nanosheet pellet are measured to determine the evolution of magnetic properties from the three-dimensional to the quasi-two-dimensional system. This work establishes FeOCl and isostructural compounds as a source for the development of two-dimensional intrinsic antiferromagnets.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry