Chandra observations of SDSS J1004+4112: Constraints on the lensing cluster and anomalous X-ray flux ratios of the quadruply imaged quasar

Naomi Ota, Naohisa Inada, Masamune Oguri, Kazuhisa Mitsuda, Gordon T. Richards, Yasushi Suto, W. N. Brandt, Francisco J. Castander, Ryuichi Fujimoto, Patrick B. Hall, Charles R. Keeton, Robert C. Nichol, Donald P. Schneider, Daniel E. Eisenstein, Joshua A. Frieman, Edwin L. Turner, Takeo Minezaki, Yuzuru Yoshi

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Abstract

We present results from Chandra observations of SDSS J1004+4112, a strongly lensed quasar system with a maximum image separation of 15. All four bright images of the quasar, as well as resolved X-ray emission originating from the lensing cluster, are clearly detected. The emission from the lensing cluster extends out to approximately 1′.5. We measure the bolometric X-ray luminosity and temperature of the lensing cluster to be 4.7 × 10 44 ergs s-1 and 6.4 keV, consistent with the luminosity-temperature relation for distant clusters. The mass estimated from the X-ray observation shows excellent agreement with the mass derived from gravitational lensing. The X-ray flux ratios of the quasar images differ markedly from the optical flux ratios, and the combined X-ray spectrum of the images possesses an unusually strong Fe Ka emission line, both of which are indicative of microlensing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-221
Number of pages7
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume647
Issue number1 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • Gravitational lensing
  • X-rays: galaxies

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    Ota, N., Inada, N., Oguri, M., Mitsuda, K., Richards, G. T., Suto, Y., Brandt, W. N., Castander, F. J., Fujimoto, R., Hall, P. B., Keeton, C. R., Nichol, R. C., Schneider, D. P., Eisenstein, D. E., Frieman, J. A., Turner, E. L., Minezaki, T., & Yoshi, Y. (2006). Chandra observations of SDSS J1004+4112: Constraints on the lensing cluster and anomalous X-ray flux ratios of the quadruply imaged quasar. Astrophysical Journal, 647(1 I), 215-221. https://doi.org/10.1086/505385