Cerebellar craniotomy for in vivo calcium imaging of astrocytes

Bernd Kuhn, Tycho M. Hoogland, Samuel S.H. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The cerebellar cortex contains two astrocyte types: the Bergmann glia of the molecular layer and the velate protoplasmic astrocytes of the granule cell layer. In vivo, these cell types generate both subcellular calcium transients and trans-glial calcium waves. It is possible to perform in vivo calcium imaging in cerebellar astrocytes. One method involves injection of a replication-incompetent recombinant adenovirus for gene transfer of a fluorescent calcium indicator protein. A second method uses multicell bolus loading (MCBL) in the molecular layer of the cerebellum with synthetic calcium indicators. This protocol presents a cerebellar craniotomy procedure which can be used to prepare a virus-injected animal for in vivo imaging. It can also be used to prepare an animal for MCBL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1224-1227
Number of pages4
JournalCold Spring Harbor Protocols
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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