Availability and quality of administrative data on irrigation technology varies greatly across jurisdictions. Technology choice, however, will influence the parameters of coupled human-hydrological systems. Equally, changing parameters in the coupled system may drive technology adoption. Here we develop and demonstrate a deep learning approach to locate a particularly important irrigation technology—center pivot irrigation systems—throughout the Ogallala Aquifer. The model does not rely on super computers and thus provides a model for an accessible baseline to train and deploy on other geographies. We further demonstrate that accounting for the technology can improve the insights in both economic and hydrological models.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Water Science and Technology
- agricultural economic data
- deep learning—artificial neural network
- economic modeling
- groundwater use
- hydrologic modeling