Causes of sudden, short-term changes in ice-stream surface elevation

Olga V. Sergienko, D. R. MacAyeal, R. A. Bindschadler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent satellite-borne observations of Antarctica's ice streams show sudden, spatially confined surface-elevation changes that are interpreted as caused by subglacial water movement. Using a numerical model of idealized ice-stream flow coupled to various simple treatments of subglacial bed conditions, we demonstrate that ice-stream flow dynamics significantly modulates the surface-elevation expression of processes taking place at the ice-stream bed. This modulation means that observed surface-elevation changes do not directly translate to basal-elevation changes, e.g. inflation or deflation of subglacial water pockets, of equal magnitude and shape. Thus, subglacial water volume change is not directly proportional to the area integral of surface-elevation changes. Model results show that ambiguities in interpretation of surface elevation changes can be overcome with additional measurements, such as of surface velocity change, and through development of methodology designed to understand transfer of basal change to surface change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL22503
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume34
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 28 2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

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