Causal, stable first-order viscous relativistic hydrodynamics with ideal gas microphysics

Alex Pandya, Elias R. Most, Frans Pretorius

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We present the first numerical analysis of causal, stable first-order relativistic hydrodynamics with ideal gas microphysics, based in the formalism developed by Bemfica, Disconzi, Noronha, and Kovtun (BDNK theory). The BDNK approach provides definitions for the conserved stress-energy tensor and baryon current, and rigorously proves causality, local well-posedness, strong hyperbolicity, and linear stability (about equilibrium) for the equations of motion, subject to a set of coupled nonlinear inequalities involving the undetermined model coefficients (the choice for which defines the "hydrodynamic frame"). We present a class of hydrodynamic frames derived from the relativistic ideal gas "gamma-law"equation of state which satisfy the BDNK constraints, and explore the properties of the resulting model for a series of (0+1)D and (1+1)D tests in 4D Minkowski spacetime. These tests include a comparison of the dissipation mechanisms in Eckart, BDNK, and Müller-Israel-Stewart theories, as well as investigations of the impact of hydrodynamic frame on the causality and stability properties of Bjorken flow, planar shockwave, and heat flow solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number123036
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 15 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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