Catalytic conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to fuels: Process development and technoeconomic evaluation

S. Murat Sen, Carlos A. Henao, Drew J. Braden, James A. Dumesic, Christos T. Maravelias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Scopus citations

Abstract

Levulinic acid (LA) has been identified as a platform chemical, which can be produced from lignocellulosic materials and transformed into liquid fuels, fuel additives and even other specialty chemicals. These conversions have been made possible through recent advances in heterogeneous catalysis. Taking advantage of novel chemistries and catalytic materials, we have developed a LA-based strategy to convert lignocellulosic biomass into liquid hydrocarbon fuels. To assess the economic potential of this approach, a process synthesis effort supported by detailed process simulation and capital/operational cost calculations has been undertaken. Furthermore, we study different feedstocks and perform sensitivity analysis studies for several process and economic parameters. Finally, we present the results of an energy efficiency analysis and discuss biomass transportation aspects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-67
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume67
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Keywords

  • Biofuels
  • Catalysis
  • Chemical processes
  • Design
  • Economics
  • Energy efficiency

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Catalytic conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to fuels: Process development and technoeconomic evaluation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this