Carma large area star formation survey: Observational analysis of filaments in the Serpens south molecular cloud

M. Fernández-López, H. G. Arce, L. Looney, L. G. Mundy, S. Storm, P. J. Teuben, K. Lee, D. Segura-Cox, A. Isella, J. J. Tobin, E. Rosolowsky, A. Plunkett, W. Kwon, J. Kauffmann, Eve Charis Ostriker, K. Tassis, Y. L. Shirley, M. Pound

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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Abstract

We present the N2H+ (J = 1 → 0) map of the Serpens South molecular cloud obtained as part of the CARMA Large Area Star Formation Survey. The observations cover 250 arcmin2 and fully sample structures from 3000 AU to 3 pc with a velocity resolution of 0.16 km s -1, and they can be used to constrain the origin and evolution of molecular cloud filaments. The spatial distribution of the N2H + emission is characterized by long filaments that resemble those observed in the dust continuum emission by Herschel. However, the gas filaments are typically narrower such that, in some cases, two or three quasi-parallel N2H+ filaments comprise a single observed dust continuum filament. The difference between the dust and gas filament widths casts doubt on Herschel ability to resolve the Serpens South filaments. Some molecular filaments show velocity gradients along their major axis, and two are characterized by a steep velocity gradient in the direction perpendicular to the filament axis. The observed velocity gradient along one of these filaments was previously postulated as evidence for mass infall toward the central cluster, but these kind of gradients can be interpreted as projection of large-scale turbulence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL19
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume790
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • ISM: clouds
  • ISM: individual objects (Serpens South)
  • ISM: kinematics and dynamics
  • ISM: structure
  • stars: formation

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    Fernández-López, M., Arce, H. G., Looney, L., Mundy, L. G., Storm, S., Teuben, P. J., Lee, K., Segura-Cox, D., Isella, A., Tobin, J. J., Rosolowsky, E., Plunkett, A., Kwon, W., Kauffmann, J., Ostriker, E. C., Tassis, K., Shirley, Y. L., & Pound, M. (2014). Carma large area star formation survey: Observational analysis of filaments in the Serpens south molecular cloud. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 790(2), [L19]. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/790/2/L19